Dwaraka – Sri Krishna’s Magnificent City
Dwaraka’s importance is not confined to Gujarat or India, Its a tremendous international importance for the simple reason. It throws a lot of light on the history of India. particularly for a period which western scholars have considered as a dark age in Indian history they think that after Indus valley civilization. Ancient Indians forgot writing, Metallurgy, engineering and that is the general opinion & people also thought that it is the text of religion, philosophy and something, but everyone forgot that more than philosophy & religion “Mahabharata” has also mentioned so many kingdoms which existed many years ago which are as ancient as 10000 to 19,000 years ago which are later refered in Budddhist, Jain literatures and it will be surprised to know that by 2nd century A.D. a greek ambassador by name Heliodorus becomes a Bhagavata a devotee of Krishna & he mentioned many things in his writings there also one inscription dedicated to him.
History of Two Dwarakas:
The first Dwaraka which is occupied by lord Krishna is known as “Bet Dwaraka”. It was also known as “Kushasthali”. it is an island which we assume lord krishna opted to safeguard dwaraka people from external threats but After its over population when krishna was attracted by many Yadava clans & when many yadava clans started coming to Dwaraka sri Krishna started looking for new city. so he started constructing a new city near by the old kushastali and named it as Dwaraka. The second city lies in a place where Gomati river meets western sea. so in ancient vedic India they are two Dwarakas. one “Island Dwaraka” known as Kushasthali. and second is Dwaraka built by krishna himself. But both dwarakas were submerged in the course of time.
- Marine archaeologists found large black soil stones inside the sea. some are believed to be 6 feet long and 3 feet wide. they used these stones mainly for fort walls.
- Archaeologists also found some anchors inside Bet Dwaraka.
- They used Boulders as the foundation the same construction method was used for the present day Bombay. so the same process was used during Mahabharata era too isn’t it intresting.
- Senior Archaeologist S.R.Rao also mentioned that Dwaraka must be the first sea port in the world as he got much findings & proofs near the sea ( anchors ) it must be the oldest sea port we believe.
Civilization of Dwaraka:
As Mahabharata says Sri Krishna came from Madhura, during the invasion of Jarasandha due to enemity on krishna elders of Madhura orders Krishna to leave Madhura. Krishna agreed and in public interest, Krishna leaves madhura and comes to Dwaraka. Krishna rebuilt the Dwaraka with a port as the Yadavas population increases and the island have limited space, so he builts a port 1st seat port built in the world.
when asking about large cities and town constructions in Dwaraka MR. Rao replied Dwaraka itself is saidt to be the 2nd urbanization after Indus valley settlements. 1st urbanization centers were Indus, Mohanjadaro , Harappa and recently discovered Lotul. Dwaraka was well planed city just like Indus. When talking about language MR. Rao. said that the language which was used during Indus period didn’t ended with that civilisation but rather it continued to dwaraka.Iron technology was there and continued during Harappa civilization to Dwaraka.here in dwaraka we can also find some old iron tools too.
Urbanization and sea port are two important factors continuity of writing, using of sanskrit must be considered as an important factor internationally. the evolution of writing from picture writing to alphabet writing was evolved from indus to dwaraka.
Bet Dwaraka or Shankhodhara is an inhabited island at mouth of Gulf of Kutch, Gujarat India. Bet Dwaraka is considered a part of the ancient city in indian epic literature Dwaraka. the abode of Krishna found in Mahabharata and Skanda purana. It derived its name Shankodhar as the island is a large source of conch shells ( shankah). The artifacts recovered include a late Harappa seal, an inscribed jar and the mould of coppersmith a copper fishhook.
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